John Steinbeck's The Pearl offers both overt and subtle literary devices, which foreshadow important events to come. First, the protagonist's son's name is Coyotito, which means "little coyote. " This foreshadows the future even in which the child is mistaken for a coyote by trackers and shot at. In another instance, Chapter two foreshadows Kino's discovery of the pearl by talking about "the pearl that might be" and how the natives have long told this story. Also, Juana prays that Kino will find the pearl, which he eventually does.
Throughout the novel Juana, the protagonist's wife, always acts suspicious of the pearl, even though they haven't faced too many unusual instances. For example, at the end of Chapter 3, Juana claims that the pearl will ruin their son. This proves to be accurate an accurate statement by the end of the novel. By this time, she even wants to throw the pearl away even though nothing particularly bad has happened.
Furthermore, Steinbeck also uses the interesting device of song to foreshadow dramatic events that are about to take place. Whenever something evil is about to happen, Kino hears a particular song. He also hears the song of the pearl getting stronger right before he actually finds it.